Saturday, January 11, 2020

Internet security Essay

In the developed and developing world, the use of the internet has increased in popularity. The use of the internet has become the preferred mode of communication and resources for various players like industries, corporations, telecommunications, and governments and in business. In business, the internet has facilitated financial transactions that have greatly changed the face of business making it fast and simple and in conformation to the global village the technology has created. With the increased use of the internet, there has been a corresponding increase in cyber crime from criminals who are seeking either financial gains or other advantages for example military. The frequency of these attacks is very high and the levels of sophistication used are great . This makes it difficult for many organizations to determine new threats, their risk factors and ways of dealing with the menace (Cetron, et al, 2009). Many times it is difficult for the organizations to determine which attacks to deal with first and how to allocate resources to deal with them. In the commercial sector, attacks on electronic financial transactions have resulted in great financial losses and corresponding reductions in user confidence. Electronic transactions consist of funds transfers, data interchange, trade confirmations and benefits transfers. Many crimes that occur have plagued the industry for years like theft, service denial, extortion demands or fraud. Technology has however; greatly magnified the ability of major crimes to be committed in a matter of seconds. Electronic security is an industry that is growing and becoming globalised. This industry offers services in the categories of assessment, access and utilization. To demonstrate the severity of attacks on April, 2009, Chinese and Russian spies managed to infiltrate the United States of America electrical grid and inserted disruptive software into the system (Cetron, et al, 2009). An attack which occurred prior to this one on September 2008 would have caused the collapse of the global economy were it not for intervention. Unidentified hackers robbed the lucrative American financial market accounts a total of five hundred and fifty million dollars in a little less than two hours. If the accounts would not have been closed by the Treasury Department they would have lost almost six trillion dollars. This would have caused the global economy to collapse in approximately twenty four hours. One security threat is phishing. Phishing involves the acquisition of sensitive information like passwords, credit card details, usernames and pin numbers. It makes its presentation as being a legal entity. The unsuspecting victims are lured by receiving communications which purport to be from a popular website or payment processors. It is usually done through instant messaging services or emails (Shu-Min & Shann-Bin, 2006). These communications directs the users to enter their details at a fraudulent website which bears a great semblance to the authentic one. Phishing attacks were observed on two popular brands which provide payment services for banks globally in the United States of America in February 2010. The fraudsters created phishing sites in English and other languages, the most popular being French. These websites targeted customers by sending spam mails with the subject proving the card number and claiming that there was a risk of fraudulent transactions taking place. This attack was created using two types of phishing websites. The first utilised Uniform Resource Locators which were created with domain names with many top level domain variants. The most popular domain which was utilised was . cz which represented the Czech Republic. Upon entering their sensitive information into a card holder page for the false verification, the page redirected to the real website. The second attack utilised Uniform Resource Locators with Internet Protocol domains which were hosted on servers based in the United States (Glaessner, 2002). The Uniform Resource Locators’ strings were very long, typically with more than seven hundred characters. The pages asked for sensitive data but had an auto signed debit card or credit card number. This auto signing was done by placing stolen numbers of cards obtained from earlier attacks on the form. Upon receipt of information the page was redirected to a blank page. Cross site scripting is a form of phishing that occurs in programs or websites that allow user input. If the input data is not properly sanitized the program may then process thee input or execute the codes which the original program was not to do. This has been used to redirect users to fake websites. Users are advised not to click on suspicious links in emails and to check the Uniform Resource Locator’s of the website to authenticate brands. It is also advised that one should type the brand domain name directly into the browser address instead of following links. The use of security software has also been recommended. Pharming involves redirecting the redirection of websites traffic and taking it to a false website. Pharming is done by either converting the hosts file on the victims’ computer or exploiting Domain Name Systems servers’ software (Basu, 2009). These Domain Names Systems servers main task is to convert internet names to their real addresses. A compromised server therefore does not direct traffic to legitimate websites. Highly vulnerable sites of compromised are near internet leaves. If wrong entries on a computer’s host file are made it results in circumvention of name lookup using its own name to Internet Protocol mapping, this makes it a popular target for malware. Once it is rewritten a user can be redirected to a fake copy. The better targets for pharming are desktop computers as they receive poor administration in comparison to most other internet services. Host file compromises can compromise the network router. Many routers specify Domain Name Systems to clients on the network and wrong information here spoils the entire local area network. A compromise in routers is very hard to detect. Pharming also occurs by infecting the victim’s computer with malware or a virus. This causes the redirection of a website to a fake one. An unsuspecting user may enter information site unaware. To avoid pharming, users are advised to search for details that prove that the website is authentic. Typing the sites address into the browser bar also offers some protection. Use of an antivirus to reduce virus infiltration into the computers is also recommended. Vigilance is important in warding off attacks. Trojan horses are also a great threat to internet security. Trojan horses present themselves as valuable software which is available for downloading on the internet. This fools many people into downloading the virus in the presumption that it is another application. A Trojan horse is usually separated into parts which are the client and the server. The client is usually disguised as important software and is situated in some sharing networks like peer to peer or uncertified websites for downloads. As soon as the client Trojan is executed in the computer, the attacker who is the person operating the server has great control over the computer and can destroy it depending on his purpose. The spread of the Trojan horse virus can occur through email attachments using various spamming techniques. Malware creators spread the virus through chat software like Skype and Yahoo Messenger. The virus may also infect other machines by distributing copies of itself to those in the address book of the infected computer. There are many types of Trojan horses. Remote access Trojans give attackers complete control of he victim’s computer and access to any information stored in the files. Password Trojans copy all passwords and look for passwords as they are keyed into a computer and send them to a certain email address. Key loggers log the keystrokes used by victims and send the log information to the attacker and can be configured to online and offline modes of recording. Destructive Trojans cause destructions to files and deletes them completely from infected computers. They are able to delete all system files of a computer (Basu, 2009). While there are other types of Trojans not mentioned here, it should be noted that a Trojan may work with a combination of some of the functionalities explained. To best avoid a Trojan hose virus attack, one should open email attachments or files received from strange senders. Installing and updating an antivirus program is also helpful. For secure electronic online transactions certain criteria have to be addressed and met. There must be secure access control which determines who has access to a system and be able to deny access to intruders. Proper authentication of users and message integrity must also be established. Privacy of the parties involved must also be safeguarded and maintained (Shu-Min & Shann-Bin, 2006). Non-repudiation must be ensured where the sender cannot deny (falsely) sending a message. The use of online signatures has also been manipulated to commit fraud. Electronic signatures are a recognized electronic way of showing that a person has accepted the contents of a message sent electronically. These signatures are increasingly being used in electronic commerce and have evolved into digitized signatures which are encrypted and more secure than a simple electronic signature. While they are themselves subject to fraud the purpose of their creation was to combat fraud (Hansen, 1995). Electronic signatures are based on legal principles which have to be understood by the institutions which wish to use it. The use of digital signatures is a code that authenticates the origins of a document. A well done electronic signature causes the signer to be uniquely identified. It also causes the document to be locked using encryption technology and is electronically stamped throughout the process with time and date. It also stores the document for access without fear of being lost or its existence denied. The security of electronic financial transactions can also be enhanced by the use of digital certificates against phishing and pharming. To avoid manipulation of transactions in signature based online banking, utility of Class-3 electronic card readers should be explored. Virus scanners should be used to protect from Trojan horses. Care when downloading software should be exercised. With the mass adoption of technology, countries around the world are increasingly using technological based solutions to address their needs and carry out their functions. The use of the internet has created a highly competitive market. While cyber crime has not infiltrated or integrated itself equally in many countries it is an industry that is growing very fast and deserves much global attention (Shu-Min & Shann-Bin, 2006). As earlier discussed, it has the potential of destroying whole markets and creating great havoc. Attempts to control cyber crime have not been concerted. Many challenges have arisen in trying to control this threat. Technology is a fast changing and cyber crime has achieved very high levels of sophistication. Cyber criminals have designed malware which are virtually undetectable and are difficult to diagnose. It has proved challenging to design and keep up with these creations (Glaessner, 2002). Due to the high levels of vulnerability to cyber attacks there is an urgent need to formulate clear policies. These policies should include guidelines on how to cyber crime is to be dealt with. This should include coming up with laws that will outline prosecution of cyber criminals due to the potential of these criminals to create damage and go unpunished and detected. Users of the internet and the various services it offers should also assume personal responsibility for their own safety (Cetron, et al, 2009). Studies have shown that the ‘human factor’ is largely the cause of the success of cyber crime rather than advancements in technology. In the United States, despite various public campaigns on internet security, people continue to be reckless with their personal information. This leaves them very vulnerable to attacks by cyber criminals. Predictions have been made that incidences of cyber crime will continue to increase. Users should therefore be very vigilant in monitoring their information. Software to combat cyber crime is available and users should take the initiative to acquire this software to alert them of suspicious websites or claims. They should also regularly update their software like antivirus which is highly dynamic due to the creation of new viruses and malware that occurs at a very high rate (almost daily). In conclusion, electronic financial transactions have created great savings in terms of financial savings for both providers and users and reduced the wastage of time. The use of this technology has correspondingly exposed its users newer forms of crime and every effort must be made to combat cyber crime.

Friday, January 3, 2020

Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Issues - Same-Sex Marriage and...

Same-Sex Marriage and the Destruction of American Culture The late 20th century disintegration of marriage is epoch-defining and hazardous to moral health. The question of legally recognizing same-sex marriage - thrust upon us by recent court decisions - culminates this disintegration. There are many reasons why the ills of marriage are so pivotal. Marriage is the principle of sexual morality. Immoral sexual acts are often wrong for other reasons, too, such as the injustice of imposing oneself sexually upon another without consent. But all immoral sexual activity is wrong because it is non-marital. Our law until recently recognized this pivotal role of marriage. As United States Supreme Court†¦show more content†¦Abortion as a legal liberty may now have roots in the economic needs and aspirations of contemporary women. That is, the abortion license is thought to be a necessary corollary of womens economic and political equality. And abortion liberty has always had a certain eugenic coloring. Roe v. Wade was nevertheless a decision midwifed by sexual freedom. Abortion was backup contraception. Thirty-five million legal abortions have not eroded the staunch pro-life commitments of more than half of this countrys inhabitants. We may live in a culture of death, but many escape its corrupting influence. Indeed, the vast majority of Americans, whether avowedly pro-life or pro-choice, know that abortion is wrong. If there is a classic case proving the Apostles vision of a natural law written on the hearts of all, abortion is it. Many who support abortion rights obligingly cite their personal opposition to abortion, and even a pro-abortion President hoped to make it rare. At a Congressional hearing in July 1999, a New York Representative, who would more fittingly be described as the Ayatollah of abortion rights, could not help speaking of moms and expectant mothers carrying babies. Catching himself, he referred very deliberately, though unconvincingly, to pregnant women. However, no one asks a pregnant woman how her fetus is doing. One asks how theShow MoreRelated Let Gays Marry and Leave Marriage Alone Essay1278 Words   |  6 Pageswill summarize some of the key points from the essay, Let Gays Marry, by Andrew Sullivan, and the essay, Leave Marriage Alone, by William Bennett. Some of these main points are taken from mutual beliefs of both authors and others are derived from the opposing opinions of the two. The first summary of Andrew Sullivan’s essay is a reflection of Andrew Sullivan’s stance of the issue. The original essay was in favor of allowing same sex marriage in America. My summary will dictate some of the argumentsRead MoreEssay on We Need Same-sex Marriage Now1352 Words   |  6 PagesWe Need Same-sex Marriage Now Known to some people as a lifetime commitment of devotion, to others a promise to reside with a stranger, and even to some people as a union arranged by their parents, marriage is a widely varying ritual practiced all over the world. In the United States, marriage is a freedom of choice and an act of love, supported with benefits and privileges from the government. It has traditionally been the union of a woman and a man, made with the expectation of permanenceRead MoreLgbt19540 Words   |  79 Pagesstands for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender and along with heterosexual they describe peoples sexual orientation or gender identity. These terms are explained in more detail here. Lesbian A lesbian woman is one who is romantically, sexually and/or emotionally attracted to women. Many lesbians prefer to be called lesbian rather than gay. Gay A gay man is one who is romantically, sexually and/or emotionally attracted to men. The word gay can be used to refer generally to lesbian, gay and bisexualRead MoreReligious Homosexual Oppression4676 Words   |  19 PagesOppression based on race, sex and sexual orientation: Over the past 150 years, there have been many groups who have sought the North American dream of liberty and justice for all. Examples are: • Americans African seeking an end to slavery. • Women campaigning to get universal suffrage. • And now, gays and lesbians are seeking the same equal rights and protections enjoyed by other groups, including the right to marry. This final conflict over homosexuality is a little different from theRead MoreSame Sex Relationships1932 Words   |  8 Pagesno doubt that there are many different points of views when it comes to same-sex relationships, and today we will discuss this controversial topic. But first, what is a same sex relationship? 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They think about the morality of the relationship.Read MoreHomosexuality and God6017 Words   |  25 PagesINTRODUCTION LGBT is an initialism that collectively refers to the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community. In use since the 1990s, the term LGBT is an adaptation of the initialism LGB, which itself started replacing the phrase gay community beginning in the mid-to-late 1980s, which many within the community in question felt did not accurately represent all those to whom it referred. The initialism has become mainstream as a self-designation and has been adopted by the majority sexualityRead MoreHomosexuality in Islam3723 Words   |  15 PagesMacalester Islam Journal Volume 2 Macalester Islam Journal Issue 3 Article 8 3-28-2007 Homosexuality in Islam: A Difficult Paradox Nicole Kligerman Macalester College Follow this and additional works at: Recommended Citation Kligerman, Nicole (2007) Homosexuality in Islam: A Difficult Paradox, Macalester Islam Journal: Vol. 2: Iss. 3, Article 8. Available at: This Article is brought to you forRead MoreCalculus Oaper13589 Words   |  55 Pages Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence †¨ Adrienne Rich    Adrienne Rich s essay constitutes a powerful challenge to some of our least examined sexual assumptions. Rich turns all the familiar arguments on their heads: If the first erotic bond is to the mother, she asks, could not the natural sexual orientation of both men and women be toward women? Rich s radical questioning has been a major intellectual forceRead MoreMarriage and Cohabitation13809 Words   |  56 Pages1.1 What is Marriage 1.2 What is Cohabitation CHAPTER TWO – ORIGIN OF MARRIAGE 2.1 Types of Marriage 2.2 Justification of Marriage 2.3 Christian Perspective of Marriage 2.4 Advantages and dis-advantages of Marriage CHAPTER THREE – ORIGIN OF COHABITATION 3.1 Types of Cohabitation 3.2 Justification of Cohabitation 3.3 Christian perspective of Cohabitation 3.4 Advantages and dis- advantages of Cohabitation CHAPTER FOUR – MARRIAGE AND COHABITATION 4.1 Relationship between Marriage and Cohabitation

Thursday, December 26, 2019

Finance - 1042 Words

FI – 360 Chapter 3 P3-1) You have $1,500 to invest today at 7 percent interest compounded annually. A - How much will you have accumulated in the account at the end of the following number of years? 1). Three years PV x (1.07)^3 $1,500 x (1.07)(1.07)(1.07) $1,500 x 1.225043 = $1837.5645 = $1,837.56 2). Six years PV x (1.07)^6 $1,500 x (1.07)(1.07)(1.07)(1.07)(1.07)(1.07) $1,500 x 1.500730351849 = $2,251.0955 = $2,251.10 3). Nine years PV x (1.07)^9 $1,500 x (1.07)(1.07)(1.07)(1.07)(1.07)(1.07)(1.07)(1.07)(1.07) $1,500 x 1.838459212420155 = $2,757.6888 = $2,757.69 B - Use your findings in part (a) to calculate the amount of interest earned in 1). Years 1 to 3 $1,837.56 -†¦show more content†¦20 years 1) - (1.05)^5 x (1.10)^5 x (1.20)^5 =12.727 2) - (1.10)^10 x (1.15)^5 = 10.493 3) – (1.12)^20 = 9.646 #1 has the highest return on investment C). 30 years 1) – (1.05)^5 x (1.10)^5 x (1.20)^20 = 78.802 2) – (1.10)^10 x (1.15)^20 = 42.451 3) – (1.12)^30 = 29.959 #1 has the highest return on investment P3-4) – You have a trust fund that will pay you $1 million exactly ten years from today. You want cash now, so you are considering an opportunity to sell the right to the trust fund to an investor. A). – What is the least you will sell your claim for if you could earn the following rates of return on similar risk investments during the ten-year period? 1) – 6% $1,000,000 x (1.06)^-10 $1,000,000 x .558395 = $558,395 2) – 9% $1,000,000 x (1.09)^-10 $1,000,000 x .422411 = $321,973 3) – 12% $1,000,000 x (1.12)^-10 $1,000,000 x .321973 = $321,973 B) – Rework part (A) under the assumption that the $1 million payments will be received in fifteen rather than ten years. 1) – 6% $1,000,000 x (1.06)^-15 $1,000,000 x .417265 = $417,265 2) – 9% $1,000,000 x (1.09)^-15 $1,000,000 x .274538 = $274,538 3) – 12% $1,000,000 x (1.12)^-15 $1,000,000 x .182696 = $182,696 C) – Based on your findings is part (A) and (B), discuss the effect of both the size of the rate of return and the time until receipt of payments on the present value of a future sum. The larger theShow MoreRelatedFinance1352 Words   |  6 Pagesfinancial manager differ from the traditional financial manager? 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Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Essay on Private versus Public Education - 1352 Words

Education is a major factor in a young person’s life. It can determine how successful you are, the way your peers think of you, and the way you will live the rest of your life. There are two types of education you can receive growing up, one being more beneficial than the other. Private education is more beneficial, but Public education seems to be the more practical one. A lot of times, only the most eminent option is considered, that being public education. People do not take the time to actually consider which would be better for their children in the present and the future. In the 2007-2008 school years, twenty-five percent of all United States schools were private schools. Private education is superior to public education in that it†¦show more content†¦Students are able to bond and feel comfortable with each other. That creates a better learning environment. In fact, thirty-eight percent of private schools are said to do a better job teaching their students to get along with people from diverse backgrounds. Also, when you have a small class, teachers are able to control it better. Not only are the teachers better equipped to handle an unruly student, the students tend to be more well- behaved. They do not as often cause uproar and disrespect people. Seventy-four percent of private school teachers can maintain discipline and order in their classrooms. Whereas public school, on the other hand, teachers often have troubles with their students speaking out, fighting, and, causing disruptions during class hours. It is to the point that some teachers are unable to teach an entire class through without having issues. Private schools benefit a child more based on the better environment that surrounds them. The one major factor setting apart private school education from, public education is its academics. Georgia, in fact, is one state among seventeen others that have the lowest graduation rates in the United States. One-third of Georgia public schools, which are one hundred and thirty schools, have low graduation rate. The sad fact is that these are not just in urban areas. These schools are in cities, suburbs, and rural areas. More specifically, thirty-seven of these schools are in rural areas,Show MoreRelatedEssay on Private Versus Public Education1077 Words   |  5 PagesPrivate Versus Public Education Many struggling parents wish they could send their children to private schools essentially from kindergarten through the twelfth grade. And so my question is: What is the real worth of a private education? According to a statement from the U.S. Department of Education posted by College Smart, private school students generally perform higher than their public school counterparts on standardized achievement tests. As a product of public elementary and highRead MorePublic Education versus Private Education Essay896 Words   |  4 PagesPublic education has been able to provide the necessary education to students, despite its limited capabilities. Students are offered the same education in public schools as they are in private schools. Students make their choice on whether or not they want to apply themselves, and learn from the teachers in front of them. In private schools students are excited to learn. Maybe that is why they have better test scores. Students enrolled in publi c schools have a tendency to fail, or some succeedRead MoreThe Effects Of Prenatal And Delivery Care On Mothers1621 Words   |  7 PagesOn the other hand, the use rate for both services decreases with parity. The mother’s education is more relevant in the use of either service than the father’s. The use rate is the highest among mothers with higher-than-secondary education, but such groups constitute less than 10 percent of the sample. On the other hand, the use of adequate prenatal and delivery care is the lowest among mothers with no education, who constitute more than 45% of the sample. A woman’s decision-making ability regardingRead MorePros And Cons Of Private Schools Vs. Public Schools1231 Words   |  5 Pagesshould live. Public schools provide a more diverse experience than do private schools, thereby providing a better education for their students. Can a private school give a child a better education, are the teachers more educated, then a private te acher? Or can a public school give a child a better education? When my family and I were looking for homes on the top of list was the home needed to be in a good school district for our children. When comparing private schools and public schools, it isRead MoreAn Assessment Of Performance Feedback Transparency978 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"Praise in Public, Criticize in Private? An Assessment of Performance Feedback Transparency in a Classroom Setting,† authors Seevers, Rowe, and Skinner (2014) raise the question of whether a managerial practice to feedback would also work in the world of education. Vince Lombardi suggested that positive feedback should be delivered in public, while negative feedback should be handled in private. However, as educators, most feedback, positive or negative, should be given in a private setting. TheRead MorePrivate Schools Vs. Public Schools998 Words   |  4 Pages Education is a key component in our nation. People today might say that private schools are superior to public schools, saying that they are safer and a better environment to learn in. 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Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Analysis of Consumer Decision Making Process Example For Students

Analysis of Consumer Decision Making Process Consumer decision making process is a list of steps that are carried out by consumers concerning to a potential market transaction, before, during and after the purchase of a product or service. The process includes identifying the problem, collecting information, evaluating the alternatives, making the purchase decision and evaluating post purchase. Generally, decision making is the  cognitive process  of selecting a course of action from among multiple options. As a consumer, I find that the consumer decision making process is a great help in choosing for the right product which gives a consumer the greatest satisfaction. One of the latest scenarios where I applied this process into my product purchases was buying a beautiful, yet not too costly wedding gown, as I am getting married in the coming month. I went through five stages of the consumer decision making process in buying the perfect wedding gown as follows:- Problem recognition Information search Evaluation of alternatives Purchase / Decision making Post-purchase evaluation Problem recognition Problem recognition is the stage where the consumer is aware of a need or want. It occurs when the consumer realize a significant difference between his or her actual state and desire state. My problem in this situation at this stage, is having to own a new wedding gown, because I am walking down the isle with my fiancà © next month. This desire of something new leads to the triggering of the decision process. In addition to my problem, I do not have a very well-funded family, so I cannot afford expensive, luxurious designer’s wedding gown. Information search When a consumer discovers a problem or a need, he or she is likely to search for more information on how to solve it. The information search stage involves gathering information from various sources in order to make a better-informed decision, it helps clarifies the options open to the consumer which may involve internal search and external search. Internal search is not required in my situation, because I do not have any past experiences or feelings with wedding gown to recall to, as it is going to be my first time buying it. Since I have no prior experience with this high-involvement product, I’ll have to use external search, that is, to engage in extensive search of the outside environment for helpful information on which to support a choice. I’ve obtained information from various sources. First of all, I became more attentive towards commercial sources, such as, bridal gowns advertisements on the billboards and the flyers or brochures related to it handed out in the malls. Moreover, I went to different bridal retailers to get help from the sales consultants and also to browse through the gowns myself. I even sought some information through internet source to see what the basic idea is I need to know about wedding gowns. Last but not least, I gained more information and opinions from my friends and family that are married, through word of mouth. Through gathering information, I learnt more about the brands that compete in the market and their features and characteristics. Evaluation of alternatives With the information search from the previous stage, it helps clarifies the problem for the consumer by suggesting criteria to use for the purchase, yielding brand names that might meet those criteria and developing the consumer value perception At this stage, I have narrowed down the options available to me and I have to compare the ones that caught my attention based on the criteria that matters most. After browsing through so many types of brands of wedding gowns, there are two main ones that really meet up to my requirements or expectations, that is Vera Wang’s wedding dresses collection and Mori Lee’s. However, I cannot possibly purchase both of the gowns, because I only need one. Therefore, I have listed down and established the criteria of these wedding gowns for evaluation, so that I can make the right choice. .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768 , .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768 .postImageUrl , .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768 , .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768:hover , .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768:visited , .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768:active { border:0!important; } .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768:active , .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768 .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u250c5835935ce77c248fcb0c60df5768:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Essay Development ProcessThe table below shows the designs of both wedding gowns:- Brands | Vera Wang | Mori Lee | Color Since I have a fair skin tone, a lighter delicate hue of dress should suit me very well. | Ivory | White pastel | Fabric- I prefer much lighter and softer fabrics, as I’m getting married during a hot season. | SilkThis light and floaty material is known for its lustrous shine, which gives a lightweight look and feel. | Chiffon and Crà ªpe  These two materials were used to produce the tulle gown in delicate sheets. It gives a soft flowing with a crinkled floral texture. | Length-Full-length gowns are more suitable for my formal wedding. | Full-length | Full-length | Silhouette- This refers to the shape of the gown and how it hugs your body. | Mermaid shapeIt is form fitting and slim, but the skirt flares out below the knee to show the perfect hourglass shape. | Full ball gownThis is the most traditional wedding dress silhouette. The bodice is fitted through the waist with full puffy skirt. | Train- The gown comes with a long train for people to carry when I walk. | It is detachable, so that it will not be stepped on or torn during the reception. | It is detachable, so that it will not be stepped on or torn during the reception. | Mood- Dresses are also categorized by moods. | RomanticThe dress is strapless and is usually complemented with a long train. | Traditional and romanticIt is described as a full gown with fluffy bottom and bares a heart-shaped neckline. | Pricing- The price of the dress. | Approximately RM13, 000 | Approximately RM9, 000 | Purchase / Decision Making After giving the criteria of both wedding gowns a thorough evaluation, I have come to a decision on which dress to purchase. I chose the second option, which is the Mori Lee’s full wedding ball gown, because the design, texture and color really meet up to my requirements. As I have mentioned before, I am not very well-funded, thus I cannot afford to pay wholly for the wedding gown. For that reason, I decided to rent the gown, which requires me to pay only 20% of the original price. Vera Wang’s do not provide rental services, thus this adds extra points up on why I prefer Mori Lee’s gown. To implement my purchasing decision, I have decided to rent the gown from Milan bridal studio, Penang. There are many sizes available there, where I can try them and loan from there easily. Furthermore, I do not need to own the wedding gown myself, because I won’t be wearing it again after my wedding day, so renting the gown is the best option. I have paid for the loan fee using credit card two weeks before my wedding day, so I can get myself prepared with the wedding themes and set ups beforehand. Post-purchase evaluation Last but not least, we have come to the final stage, which is the post-purchase evaluation of the decision. It is very common for consumers to experience concerns after making a product purchase. After buying a product, the consumer compares it with expectations and is either satisfied or dissatisfied. What I experienced after using the product was the performance of this product exceeds my expectations, causing what is known as positive disconfirmation. After wearing Mori Lee’s wedding ball gown on my special day, I felt completely satisfied and contented with the gown I chose. That wedding gown suited me perfectly well on that day; the floral texture on the skirt matches the wedding theme flawlessly and I felt really comfortable wearing it. The fabric of the gown did not cause me to feel hot or itchy at all, unlike some other gowns I have tried. Furthermore, I was really happy with the decision I made, that is to only rent the dress. It helped me saved a lot from my budget and I still get to flaunt that piece of beautiful gown during my wedding day at the same time. Conclusion .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18 , .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18 .postImageUrl , .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18 , .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18:hover , .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18:visited , .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18:active { border:0!important; } .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18:active , .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18 .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ud522fcc6a83c5c439e5e43618522ad18:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Comparing The Writing Styles, Data Collection And Analysis ProcessIn short, I find that the consumer decision making process is really helpful when it comes to choosing the right product to purchase. I think this process is more suitable to be used in high-involvement purchases, which include those involving high expenditure or personal risk – for example buying a house, a car or making investments, because the stages of the process really guides you to choose the best option, without having to feel guilty or regret after buying it. I will strongly recommend people whom I know to use this process when they are purchasing something important, because it lessens the risk of buying and increases post-purchase satisfaction to a consumer after going through the stages and choosing the right alternative. (1,422 words) References Books * Hawkins, Del I, R J Best, and K A Coney 1983, Consumer Behavior: Implications for Marketing Strategy, Business Publications Inc, Texas. * Solomon, M R 2009,  Consumer Behavior: Buying, Having and Being. 8th ed. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River. Websites * Anon. 2010,  Buyer behavior decision-making process. Last accessed 26th August 2010. * Perner, L 1999-2010,  Information Search and Decision Making. Last accessed 28th August 2010. * V.E.W. 2003-2010,  Vera Wangs bridal collection. Last accessed 27th August 2010.

Monday, December 2, 2019

Simon Leys Notes free essay sample

This is an agreeable view, indeed much of the text centers on the tension between Napoleon, the unlikely bald fritterer and his mythic counterpoint who obscures his companions from recognizing him. This duality of identity comes to a head, in the Chapter the Night Empire, when he is faced with a number of grotesque parodies of himself, who present an image of himself of greater likeness of Napoleon than himself. â€Å" This miserable wreck presented an imagine of his model a thousand times more faithful, more worthy and more convincing than the unlikely bald fruiter who, seated beside him, was examining him with such amassment. Thomas asserts the novella exposes the folly of hero worship; this is shown amply throughout the text. The vanity of Napoleons schemes is illustrated and the divide between the real Napoleon and the mythic Napoleon is displayed. With this in head, Leys presents Napoleon into three individualistic identities. We will write a custom essay sample on Simon Leys Notes or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The historical Napoleon, the fictional Napoleon and the true Napoleon. The historical Napoleon which empowers strength, vanity and power. The fictional Napoleon demonstrates nothing but the death of the physical Napoleon, which therefore leaves the true Napoleon to deal with the historical identity of his death. Moreover, Peter Lockett states that in the Death of Napoleon the legend of Napoleon is far greater than the reality. This is a commendable view because it is so aptly evidenced in the scene where Napoleon encounters an imitator who is of far greater likeness to the Emperor than himself. The irony that Ley portrays when Napoleon learns of his imitators death is filled with dark humor. It is felt that we do not give sympathy to him and we are to mock him. A tendency is felt that Napoleon deserved what he got. However Simmons fails when he posits that the portrait of Napoleon by Leys is completely unsympathetic throughout the entire text . In the final scenes of the novella Napoleons folly is not mocked nor ridiculed but rather painted compassionately. He is making an earnest attempt at setting things right however he is too late. He realizes his wrongdoings and emotions are gone through mockery and dark humor to soft and sympathetic. This could quite lead us to feel guilt of laughing at him and now feeling sympathetic for him. This is evidenced in that the scene is written largely from the perspective of the Ostrich, who views Napoleon in a softer light than the audience and the other characters in the novella. Sympathetic emotions are also encounter when he is faced again with the number of grotesque parodies of himself, who are more worthy and faithful than Napoleon himself. Furthermore, Jane Kelsey states that in the text Leys suggests that we are defined by the opinions or beliefs of those around us. This is an agreeable view throughout the basis of the book as Napoleon is not recognized as the â€Å"great† emperor but more so a living peasant, an anybody, and merely not the legend, the reality once praised and recognized. The appearance of Napoleon and the boatswain is evident through â€Å"between his idol and this ugly little man, with his potbelly and knotty knees, and that he was sacrilege to him† The irony of this is shown that no one actual of great importance realize who Napoleon is actually is. Nigger Nicholas and the medical officer can put him back on the great pedestal that he once claimed. It has risen to the point again, that the myth is greater than the legend himself. His is like a forgotten chandelier in a ruined house. He has the ambition of power and greatness but his not being recognized as it. The esteemed individual or the â€Å"special† person factor is eliminated. Once again, Leys has made this evidential when Napoleon learns the death of his imitator and quotes â€Å"and who would ever recognize him, now that there was no longer anyone to wait for him. Leys leave finally the unanswered question, of do we have the ability to control our own identity. Unfortunately, Napoleon chooses what defines him. He could have settled into bourgeois prosperity and lived happily with the Ostrich however he let ambition and the desire for power and strength carry him away to the very end, when in reality at the end of the text, that was not was important. For what is then Leys intention of the whole novella? It is quite initially what Paul expressed in the opening. What a pity to see a mind as great as Napoleon’s devoted to trivial things such as empires, historic events, the thundering of cannons and of men; he believed in glory, in posterity, in Caesar, nations in turmoil and other trifles absorbed all his attention.. How could he fail to see that what really mattered was something else entirely? † Napoleon, obsessed with power and glory was missing the point, and in the end wasn’t even beneficial as the myth of Napoleon was t he only thing Napoleon related. The things are mere trifles compared to what truly matters namely love and compassion. The virtues of living.

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Education System in Nyc Essay Example

Education System in Nyc Essay Example Education System in Nyc Essay Education System in Nyc Essay This was very disturbing to read. However, I am sure it takes place everyday. Students like Tarus who want to succeed and stay in school do not always get the support they need from their community, family, and friends. It is very hard to give support in the first place if they themselves do not have it. Anyone can loose motivation and become helpless. This story kind of reminded me of the monopoly article, (i.e., starting late in life and not having the resources needed to achieve success). Although resources and support are well need for all students, I think there are other underlying problems that existed in the case Tarus, (i.e., ethics). Mrs. Abram first approached the principal before going to the school counselor. School counselors are trained to counsel students. The school culture and respect for school counselors is questionable in this school. Secondly, the principal lacked sensitivity and did not take extensive time to hear what the student was saying, he dismissed Tarus. Ethically the Principal was supposed to notify the school counselor and work together to find out ways to approach the situation, (i.e., contacting Tarusâ„ ¢s Aunt, and promoting school safety). The Principal could have also looked into which students where part of the gang and notify police to patrol the school grounds. The incident where Tarus got attacked happened in front of the school. This could have been clearly avoided if it was handled differently. I think there are too many school administrators, principals, and teachers who are not competent to deal with students, parents, faculty, and school community. They are in a position of higher power and most of them lack multicultural sensitivity and have not taken courses in understanding racial and cultural identity. As a school counselor, I am very aware that we do not get utilized properly in schools. We have so much to offer to schools but are ignored and labeled as clerical workers. In the case of Tarus, clearly the school culture is reactive as oppose to proactive. If the school had gang and violence support groups or prevention workshops perhaps, the school would be more prepared to deal with Tarus. Is it the neighborhood and limited funds that prevent these programs or is it the people in charge, (i.e., the principal), who are more concerned about running a school but do not know how to